Most people often dismiss the topic of sexually transmitted disease as somewhat of a joke due to the embarrassing symptoms involved. But in reality, these diseases have to be treated seriously as some can leave a lasting effect, while others can be deadly to some extent.
And since there are 13 million Americans affected by STDs every year, it’s important to identify which of these diseases pose the greatest threat.
So take time to read this entry as we are going to tackle the most lethal types of sexually transmitted infection (STI) and be properly informed to prevent yourself from contracting these deadly diseases.
1. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
There’s a reason why HIV is often mentioned when the subject of AIDS is being talked about. And that’s because human immunodeficiency virus kills the cells that protect us from contracting different kinds of infections and diseases. And as a result, it weakens our body’s immune system and makes us more prone to having serious ailments like cancer and AIDS.
According to AIDS.gov, the acquired immune deficiency syndrome is actually the last stage of HIV, at which the body’s immune system is no longer capable of “fighting” germs and bacteria that make us sick. This is also the reason why people with AIDS are often susceptible to life-threatening conditions like tuberculosis (TB) and recurrent pneumonia because their bodies (and physical health, in general) are at its most vulnerable point. And if a person with AIDS as contracted with any of these diseases, they are only expected to live for 1 year at most.
Even to this day, HIV remains incurable. The good thing however is, the virus causing this sexually transmitted infection can be slowed down.
Despite this, prevention is still the best way of protecting yourself from HIV. So consult your doctor to know more about the things you can do to reduce the risk of having HIV.
2. Hepatitis B
Although we may have received a series of hepatitis B shots during infancy, the risk of contracting the disease remains a possibility once we engage in sexual contact with an infected person. Some may be fortunate enough to be cured from the infection after 6 months, but others are likely to develop chronic hepatitis.
Hepatitis B is a long-lasting infection in the liver which causes cirrhosis. The breakdown of the liver will result in more serious conditions such as lung cancer, liver cancer, diabetes, and kidney failure.
To reduce the risk of contracting hepatitis B, it is highly recommended to use contraceptives (condoms), and practice monogamy in relation to your sex life.
3. HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
Finally, HPV is a type of sexually transmitted infection that belongs to a group of 200 related viruses. And about 40 of these viruses causing HPV can be transmitted through sexual intercourse.
Since there are many types of viruses causing HPV, the results may vary from the harmless to the severe kind. And if you happen to contract the latter, then it will lead to genital warts and cervical cancer (for women).
So we also recommend seeing your doctor immediately and get professional advice from them about how to get HPV vaccines and always practice safe sex.